GeoServer supports access control at the service level, allowing for the locking down of service operations to only authenticated users who have been granted a particular role. There are two main categories of services in GeoServer. The first is OWS services such as WMS and WFS. The second are RESTful services, such as the GeoServer REST.
Service-level security and Layer security cannot be combined. For example, it is not possible to specify access to a specific OWS service only for one specific layer.
OWS services support setting security access constraints globally for a particular service, or to a specific operation within that service. A few examples include:
Securing the entire WFS service so only authenticated users have access to all WFS operations.
Allowing anonymous access to read-only WFS operations such as GetCapabilities, but securing write operations such as Transaction.
Disabling the WFS service in effect by securing all operations and not applying the appropriate roles to any users.
OWS service security access rules are specified in a file named
services.properties, located in the
security directory in the GeoServer data directory. The file contains a list of rules that map service operations to defined roles. The syntax for specifying rules is as follows:
The parameters include:
—Denotes optional parameters
service—Identifier of an OGC service, such as
operation—Any operation supported by the service, examples include
*for all operations
role[,role2,...]—List of predefined role names
It is important that roles specified are actually linked to a user, otherwise the whole service/operation will be accessible to no one except for the Root account. However in some cases this may be the desired effect.
The default service security configuration in GeoServer contains no rules and allows any anonymous user to access any operation of any service. The following are some examples of desired security restrictions and the corresponding rules.
Securing the entire WFS service¶
This rule grants access to any WFS operation only to authenticated users that have been granted the
Anonymous WFS access only for read-only operations¶
This rule grants anonymous access to all WFS operations (such as GetCapabilities and GetFeature) but restricts Transaction requests to authenticated users that have been granted the
Securing data-accessing WFS operations and write operations¶
Used in conjunction, these two rules grant anonymous access to GetCapabilities and DescribeFeatureType, forcing the user to authenticate for the GetFeature operation (must be granted the
ROLE_WFS_READ role), and to authenticate to perform transactions (must be granted the
Note this example does not specify whether a user accessing Transactions would also have access to GetFeature.
In addition to providing the ability to secure OWS services, GeoServer also allows for the securing of RESTful services.
REST service security access rules are specified in a file named
rest.properties, located in the
security directory of the GeoServer data directory. This file contains a list of rules mapping request URIs to defined roles. The rule syntax is as follows:
The parameters include:
—Denote optional parameters
uriPattern—The ant pattern that matches a set of request URIs
method—HTTP request method, one of
role—Name of a predefined role. The wildcard
*is used to indicate all users, including anonymous users.
URI patterns should account for the first component of the rest path, usually
rolelists should not contain any spaces
Ant patterns are commonly used for pattern matching directory and file paths. The following examples provide some basic instructions. The Apache ant user manual contains more sophisticated use cases.
These examples are specific to GeoServer REST, but any RESTful GeoServer service could be configured in the same manner.
Disabling anonymous access to services¶
The most secure of configurations is one that forces any request, REST or otherwise, to be authenticated. The following will lock down access to all requests to users that are granted the
A less restricting configuration locks down access to operations under the path
/rest to users granted the
ROLE_ADMINISTRATOR role, but will allow anonymous access to requests that fall under other paths (for example
Allowing anonymous read-only access¶
The following configuration grants anonymous access when the
GET method is used, but forces authentication for a
Securing a specific resource¶
The following configuration forces authentication for access to a particular resource (in this case the
states feature type):
The following secures access to a set of resources (in this case all data stores).:
Note the trailing wildcards